Lysmata sp. - Group Overview

Lysmata sp. - Group Overview

Postby FuEl » Mon Mar 12, 2007 11:03 am

Lysmata sp. - Group Overview

1 - Species covered in this forum:

The Genus Lysmata

Chace (1997) listed 24 species of Lysmata. More species are being reviewed in the peppermint shrimp complex.

The genus includes popular species such as:
Lysmata amboinensis - the "skunk cleaner shrimp"
Lysmata debelius - the "blood shrimp"

Other known species include:

Species include: L. grabhami, L. nilita, L. wurdemanni, L. rathbunae, L. seticaudata, L. amboinensis, L. debelius, L. ternatensis, L. vittata, L. galapagensis, L. californica, L. zacae, L. intermedia, L. kuekenthali, L. multiscissa, L. kempi, L. gracilirostris, L. ensiferus, L. porteri, L. splendida, L. anchisteus, L. trisetacea

Recently described peppermint species by Rhyne: L. pederseni, L. ankeri, L. boggessi and L. bahia.

2 – Common characteristics:
Shrimp in this genus will often advertise their services to fish.

3 – Reproduction:

3.1 – Sex determination:
This genus is unique in caridean shrimp as they are Protandric Simultaneous Hermaphrodites (PSH). This means they first possess male organs and obtain female organs as they mature, while retaining the function of male organs. However they are incapable of self fertilization. As such, any two individuals can make up a pair.

3.2 – Sexual organization:
Pairs or groups.

3.3 – Sexing:
Smaller individuals often do not possess female sexual functionality.

3.4 - Pairing / Setting Up Broodstock:
Any two will do. For L. debelius, provide enough space and hiding areas as they are quite territorial if they are being paired for the first time.

3.5 – Courtship:
Newly moulted shrimp appear to release some kind of pheromone which signals to other shrimp that it is receptive for mating. The suitor races rapidly to the receptive shrimp and aligns itself directly below. A sperm packet is passed to the receptive shrimp. The whole mating is rapid. I observed this to be so for peppermint shrimp, with the mating only lasting 1-2 seconds.

3.6 – Spawning:
Larvae released usually during the night every 12-14 days depending on species. Shrimp normally moult within a few hours of larval release.

4 – Eggs:

4.1 – Size:
Uknown

4.2 – Quantity:
100+ to about 1000. L. debelius and L. amboinensis are very prolific, with larval counts of 500-1000+ depending on conditioning and maturity.

4.3 – Oil globule present/absent
Eggs carried by the pleopods.

4.4 – Incubation period/Hatching temp:
Eggs are held normally held for 12-14 days depending on temperature and species. Hatching temperature is usually around 25 to 28 ºC .

5 – Larvae:

5.1 – Size at hatching: About 2mm
5.2 – Yolk sac present at hatch: Yes
5.3 – Mouth present at hatch: Yes
5.4 – Eyes developed at hatch: Yes

6 - Rearing:

6.1 - Breeding & Rearing Techniques
Careful attention must be paid to aeration as larvae are prone to aeration damage after zoea IV is reached.

6.2 – Day at first feeding:
Although yolk reserves can sustain larvae for days, they are best fed immediately after hatching.

6.3 – Feeding scheme:
Newly hatched brine shrimp in the beginning will do. Rotifers and microalgae are usually omitted but should increase initial survival as well as settlement success.

6.4 – Age at meta:
As early as 21 days for L. wurdemanni. 50+ days for L. debelius. >120 days for L. amboinensis.

7 – Species been reared successfully
L. debelius and the peppermint shrimp complex are the most widely attempted and could be considered commercially viable. Recently promising work has also been performed on L. seticaudata. Only very limited success with regards to L. amboinensis.

8 – References

Bauer, R. T., Holt, G. J., 1998. Simultaneous hermaphroditism in the marine shrimp Lysmata wurdemanni (Caridea: Hippolytidae): an undescribed sexual system in the decapod Crustacea. Marine Biology 132, 223-235.

Bauer, R. T., 2002. Reproductive ecology of a protandrous simultaneous hermaphrodite, the shrimp Lysmata wurdemanni (Decapoda: Caridea: Hippolytidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology 22(4), 742-749.

Bauer, R. T., Newman, W. A., 2004. Protandric simultaneous hermaphroditism in the marine shrimp Lysmata californica (Caridea: Hippolytidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology 24(1), 131-139.
Blanchard, L., 1992. Ornamental shrimp culture: Lysmata grabhami. Technical report. Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, Inc., Fort Pierce, Florida, USA.

Calado, R., Narciso, L., Morais, S., Rhyne, A., Lin, J., 2003. A rearing system for the culture of ornamental decapod crustacean larvae
Aquaculture, Volume 218, Issues 1-4, Pages 329-339

Calado, R., Bartilotti, C., Narciso, L., Santos, A.D., 2004. Redescription of the larval stages of Lysmata seticaudata (Risso, 1816) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Hippolytidae) reared under laboratory conditions. Journal of Plankton Research 26(7), 737-752.

Calado, R., Figueiredo, J., Rosa, R., Nunes, M.L., Narciso, L., 2005. Effect of temperature, density and diet on development, survival, settlement synchronism, and fatty acid profile of the ornamental shrimp Lysmata seticaudata. Aquaculture 245, 221-237.

Calado, R., Vitorino, A., Dionísio, G., Dinis, M. T., 2007. A recirculated maturation system for marine ornamental decapods. Aquaculture, Volume 263, Issues 1-4, Pages 68-74.

Calado, R. and Dinis M. T., 2007. Minimization of precocious sexual phase change during culture of juvenile ornamental shrimps Lysmata seticaudata (Decapoda: Hippolytidae). Aquaculture, Volume 269, Issues 1-4, Pages 299-305

Calado, R., Dionísio, G., Bartilotti, C., Nunes, C., Santos, A. d., Dinis, M. T., 2008. Importance of light and larval morphology in starvation resistance and feeding ability of newly hatched marine ornamental shrimps Lysmata spp. (Decapoda: Hippolytidae). Aquaculture, Volume 283, Issues 1-4, Pages 56-63.

Chace, F. A., JR., 1997. The caridean shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda) of the Albatross Phlippine Expedition, 1907-1910, Part 7: Families Atyidae, Eugonatonotidae, Rhynechocinetidae, Bathypalaemonellidae, Processidae, and Hippolytidae. Smithson. Contr. Zool., 587: 1-106

Crompton, W. D., 1992. Laboratory culture and larval development of the peppermint shrimp, Lysmata wurdemanni Gibbes (Caridea: Hippolytidae), Part I: Laboratory culture. Master’s thesis, Corpus Christi State University, Corpus Christi, Texas, USA.

Fletcher, D. J., Kotter, I., Wunsch, M., Yasir, I., 1995. Preliminary observations on the reproductive biology of ornamental cleaner prawns. International Zoo Yearbook 34, 73-77.

Fiedler, G. C., 1998. Functional, simulataneous hermaphroditism in female-phase Lysmata amboinensis (Decapoda: Hippolytidae). Pacific Science 52, 161-169.

Lin, J., Zhang, D., 2001. Reproduction in a simultaneous hermaphroditic shrimp, Lysmata wurdemanni: any two will do? Marine Biology 139, 919-922.

Palmtag, M.R., Holt, G.J., 2001. Captive rearing of fire shrimp (Lysmata debelius). Texas Sea Grant College Program Research Report.

Rhyne, A.L., Lin, J., 2004. Effects of different diets on larval development in a peppermint shrimp (Lysmata sp. (Risso)). Aquaculture Research 35, 1179-1185. Bulletin of Marine Science, Volume 79, Number 1, July 2006 , pp. 165-204(40)

Rhyne, A.L., Lin, J., 2006. A western Atlantic peppermint shrimp complex: redescription of Lysmata wurdemanni, description of four new species, and remarks on Lysmata rathbunae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Hippolytidae)

Rufino, M.M., Jones, D.A., 2001. Observations on the function of the firth pereiopod in late stage larvae of Lysmata debelius (Decapoda, Hippolytidae). Crustaceana 74 (9), 977-990.

Simões, F., Ribeiro, F., Jones, D.A., 2002. Feeding early larval stages of fire shrimp Lysmata debelius (Caridea, Hippolytidae). Aquaculture International 10, 349-360

Wunsch, M., 1996. Larval development of Lysmata amboinensis (De Man, 1888) (Decapoda: Hippolytidae) reared in the laboratory with a note on L. debelius (Bruce, 1983). MSc thesis, University of Wales, Bangor, 110 pp

Zhang, D., Lin, J., Creswell, R. L., 1998a. Effects of food and temperature on survival and development in the peppermint shrimp Lysmata wurdemanni. Journal of World Aquaculture Society 29, 471-476.

Zhang, D., Lin, J., Creswell, R. L., 1998b. Ingestion rate and feeding behavior of the peppermint shrimp Lysmata wurdemanni on Artemia nauplii. Journal of World Aquaculture Society 29, 97-103.

8.1 - Web Content

Betts, P., 2004. Captive Observations of Fire Shrimp Larvae. Breeder's Net, Advanced Aquarist's Online Magazine.

Betts, P., 2004. Behavior and Breeding of Peppermint Shrimp. Breeder's Net, Advanced Aquarist's Online Magazine.

Palmtag, M.R., Holt, G.J., 2001. Captive rearing of fire shrimp (Lysmata debelius). Texas Sea Grant College Program Research Report.

[url=http://www.ifmn.net/nachzuchten/garnelen_l_amboinensis_debelius.html"]Ong, J., 2006. Raising Lysmata amboinensis and Lysmata debelius. Interessengemeinschaft für Marine Nachzuchten.[/url]

http://www.reefcentral.com/forums/showt ... nsis+larva

http://www.reefcentral.com/forums/showt ... nsis+larva

http://www.reefcentral.com/forums/showt ... peppermint

9 - Compiled By
FuEl and Luis AM
Last Update: 02 JAN 2009
Last edited by FuEl on Fri Jan 02, 2009 6:29 am, edited 6 times in total.
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Postby Luis A M » Fri Mar 23, 2007 3:23 pm

Rhyne recently redefined L.wurdemanni and rathbunae and described the following new species:L.pederseni,L.ankeri,L.boggessi and L.bahia.
L.boggessi seems to be the common species in the Miami area,and exported worldwide.
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Postby FuEl » Sat Mar 24, 2007 11:03 pm

Thanks Luis, knew I could count on your knowledge. :) So does that mean L. wurdemanni and L. rathbunae are absolete? Or do those 2 species still exist? :oops:
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Postby Luis A M » Sun Mar 25, 2007 2:53 am

They still exist,but the real rathbunae is a deep water species unlikely to be marketed.Current L.boggessi was called rathbunae.
L.wurdemanni remains as the most colourful west Atlantic species with bold saddle marks.
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Postby KathyL » Sun Sep 28, 2008 10:52 am

Some recent publications:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleListURL&_method=list&_ArticleListID=797236523&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=4c8ca186318418829db94fc50bdecd29

Importance of light and larval morphology in starvation resistance and feeding ability of newly hatched marine ornamental shrimps Lysmata spp. (Decapoda: Hippolytidae)
Aquaculture, Volume 283, Issues 1-4, 1 October 2008, Pages 56-63
Ricardo Calado, Gisela Dionísio, Cátia Bartilotti, Cristovão Nunes, Antonina dos Santos, Maria Teresa Dinis



Minimization of precocious sexual phase change during culture of juvenile ornamental shrimps Lysmata seticaudata (Decapoda: Hippolytidae)
Aquaculture, Volume 269, Issues 1-4, 14 September 2007, Pages 299-305
Ricardo Calado, Maria Teresa Dinis

A rearing system for the culture of ornamental decapod crustacean larvae
Aquaculture, Volume 218, Issues 1-4, 27 March 2003, Pages 329-339
R. Calado, L. Narciso, S. Morais, A. L. Rhyne, J. Lin





A recirculated maturation system for marine ornamental decapods
Aquaculture, Volume 263, Issues 1-4, 6 March 2007, Pages 68-74
Ricardo Calado, António Vitorino, Gisela Dionísio, Maria Teresa Dinis
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Postby mpedersen » Thu Jan 01, 2009 1:36 pm

Luis, in that full list of references, I didn't see a link to your documented efforts with L. amboinensis back on RC?
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Re:

Postby Luis A M » Thu Jan 01, 2009 5:02 pm

mpedersen wrote:Luis, in that full list of references, I didn't see a link to your documented efforts with L. amboinensis back on RC?

Right,I didn´t thought they qualified as "references" :lol:
http://www.reefcentral.com/forums/showt ... nsis+larva
http://www.reefcentral.com/forums/showt ... nsis+larva
http://www.reefcentral.com/forums/showt ... peppermint
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Postby aomont » Sun Jan 18, 2009 3:08 pm

Can you read Portuguese ? :D
FISIOLOGIA E NUTRIÇÃO DE LARVAS DO CAMARÃO LIMPADOR LYSMATA AMBOINENSIS (DE MAN, 1888) NOS PRIMEIROS DIAS DE VIDA
http://www.piecemo.org/cgi-bin/a2dl.cgi ... nensis.pdf

Rearing of L. amboinensis until day 6... Ok there there should be another 144 but that´s a start. ;)

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